Asthma is a medical condition in which the airways are narrow and produce excess mucus. For some people, asthma is a minor problem and can be easily managed, while for others, it hinders their ability to participate in physical activities and may lead to an asthma attack.
While there is no cure for asthma, it’s symptoms can be controlled. Because asthma symptoms can change over time, it is important that you keep your physician up to date so that they can adjust your medications accordingly.
Many people living with asthma have to take long-term control medications, even if they are not experiencing symptoms. There are various long-term control medications, including the following:
These are anti-inflammatory drugs that help reduce the swelling and tightening of airways. After taking them for a few months, you will experience their maximum benefits.
Leukotriene modifiers will block the chemicals in your immune system that cause asthma symptoms. They can help prevent symptom flare-ups for up to 24 hours.
Long-acting beta-agonists (LABAs)
These medications help open the airway and reduce swelling for up to 12 hours. They are often used on a regular schedule to manage and control moderate to severe asthma symptoms and prevent night-time flare-ups.
This is a bronchodilator that can be taken daily in pill form to treat mild asthma. It can be helpful to control asthma symptoms during the night. It is important to note that you may need regular blood tests to ensure that you have the right dosage of the medication.